The Agarwood tree is grown for its aromatic wood, and it is also called the God of Wood. Its chemical name is Aquilaria. Agarwood is a plant native to East and South Asia. Worldwide, agarwood farming is famous in India, China, Vietnam, Sumatra, Malaya, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Myanmar, Bhutan, Laos, Malacca, Singapore and Java. It is an infected wood of Aquilaria, whose fully developed tree is 40 metres tall and 80 cm wide. Moreover, agarwood is a wild tree which grows after reacting with certain parasitic fungi or moulds. The name of the parasitic fungi is Phialophora parasitica. The plant unaffected by this infection reacts by converting from heartwood to agarwood. It is a completely odourless complete infection, which over time becomes more infected and produces a dark-coloured resin.
It is a valuable wood that produces more aroma, which is famous for making incense and perfume. This aromatic quality is acquired after being influenced by geographical location, quality species, root origin, branch, stem and time taken after infection and method of harvesting. Moreover, we can only produce about 10% of the resin of the Aquilaria tree naturally. In India, agarwood is popular in northern India and adjoining areas of eastern Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura, Assam, Kerala and Manipur. Also, agarwood in Sylhet is very famous for its quality. Therefore, farmers earn maximum from Agarwood farming.
Properties Of Agarwood Tree
- Agarwood or aloeswood is a dark-coloured resinous tree used to make incense and perfumes and to prepare small carvings.
- Due to the scarcity of forest resources, the cost of agarwood is high.
- Its odour is pleasant and complex with a natural consistency.
Agarwood Farming Necessities
Farmers can earn profit by doing good farming by understanding the complete information about suitable land and temperature in agarwood farming, which is as follows:-
Agarwood Farming Climate And Soil
For good production of agarwood, plant them in hilly areas with a height of 750 metres above sea level with the help of the Massey Ferguson tractor 1035. Light sandy, yellow and red podzolic soil is suitable for its cultivation. Moreover, its plants can tolerate rainfall from 2000 to 4000 mm. Apart from this, agarwood trees are also beneficial for the ecosystem. Its plants develop properly at a maximum temperature of 33 degrees and a minimum of 20 degrees.
Planting Area And Preparation
It is important to select the potential species after assessing the ecological conditions that can be grown alive. Often 3 to 4-year-old plants die due to stagnant water. Only stagnant water is responsible for its death, not land and climate. Therefore, to reduce the death rate, we can plant agarwood on sloping land. Moreover, agarwood can be transplanted in the ground with the help of the Sonalika DI 35 tractor to get a 60-90 CM height in seedlings. Roots get clogged in poly bags, due to which we can not sow old plants. If the poly bag is not big enough, it is necessary to save the old shoots above 120 cm.
Agarwood Farming Planting Method
Many farmers transplant agarwood seedlings using artificial inoculation methods. This transplantation technique is relatively quick compared to the natural method. Therefore, you get agarwood in less time. Apart from this, we can obtain good trees by selecting good quality plants.
Fertiliser Quantity In Agarwood Farming
In agarwood farming, sprinkle coco peat in the soil to loosen the soil. This increases the amount of oxygen-rich properties in the soil. Furthermore, control the amount of phosphorus in the soil through Di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) and triple superphosphate (TSP). These are highly soluble fertilisers, which dissolve easily in the soil and release phosphates to the plants. Also, we can use cow dung as organic manure. Apart from this, apply and mix 20 GM of Furadan to prevent the outbreak of insects.
Agarwood Yield And Benefits
Agarwood is famous as a luxury product. It is also popular in Indian Vedas and books of many religions of the world. So far, the trade of agarwood in the world is up to 32 billion dollars. Given its increasing demand, it has been estimated that by the year 2029, the agarwood trade can reach 64 billion dollars.
We obtain oil from the gum of its wood. This oil is essential for making perfume. Moreover, the cost of this oil is so high that it can also be called liquid gold. The market price of oud oil is about 50 thousand dollars per kg, whose price in India is Rs. 36 lakh per kilogram. Therefore, we can earn higher profits from agarwood farming.
In this way, we have described all the essential details related to Agarwood farming. It is a profitable tree for large scale production and we can cultivate Agarwood with the help of modern machines. Moreover, this blog also provides all the information related to the yield and market value of Agarwood trees. Therefore, if you want to adopt Agarwood production, read this blog till the end to solve all your concerns regarding Agarwood farming.
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